如何使用Java列出存储桶中的所有AWS S3对象

2020/12/31 23:51 · java ·  · 0评论

使用Java获取S3存储桶中所有项目列表的最简单方法是什么?

List<S3ObjectSummary> s3objects = s3.listObjects(bucketName,prefix).getObjectSummaries();

本示例仅返回1000个项目。

可能是一种解决方法,但这解决了我的问题:

ObjectListing listing = s3.listObjects( bucketName, prefix );
List<S3ObjectSummary> summaries = listing.getObjectSummaries();

while (listing.isTruncated()) {
   listing = s3.listNextBatchOfObjects (listing);
   summaries.addAll (listing.getObjectSummaries());
}

对于那些在2018年以上阅读此书的人。有两种新的无分页无障碍API:一种在适用于Java 1.x的AWS开发工具包中,另一种在2.x中。

1.x

Java SDK中有一个新的API,可让您遍历S3存储桶中的对象而无需处理分页:

AmazonS3 s3 = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard().build();

S3Objects.inBucket(s3, "the-bucket").forEach((S3ObjectSummary objectSummary) -> {
    // TODO: Consume `objectSummary` the way you need
    System.out.println(objectSummary.key);
});

此迭代很懒:

S3ObjectSummarys的列表将根据需要懒惰地获取,一次一页。页面的大小可以通过该withBatchSize(int)方法控制

2.x

API已更改,因此这是SDK 2.x版本:

S3Client client = S3Client.builder().region(Region.US_EAST_1).build();
ListObjectsV2Request request = ListObjectsV2Request.builder().bucket("the-bucket").prefix("the-prefix").build();
ListObjectsV2Iterable response = client.listObjectsV2Paginator(request);

for (ListObjectsV2Response page : response) {
    page.contents().forEach((S3Object object) -> {
        // TODO: Consume `object` the way you need
        System.out.println(object.key());
    });
}

ListObjectsV2Iterable 也很懒:

调用该操作时,将返回此类的实例。此时,尚未进行任何服务调用,因此无法保证该请求有效。在迭代过程中,SDK将通过进行服务调用来延迟加载响应页面,直到没有页面可用或您的迭代停止为止。如果您的请求中有错误,则只有在开始遍历可迭代对象之后,您才会看到失败。

这直接来自AWS文档:

AmazonS3 s3client = new AmazonS3Client(new ProfileCredentialsProvider());        

ListObjectsRequest listObjectsRequest = new ListObjectsRequest()
    .withBucketName(bucketName)
    .withPrefix("m");
ObjectListing objectListing;

do {
        objectListing = s3client.listObjects(listObjectsRequest);
        for (S3ObjectSummary objectSummary : 
            objectListing.getObjectSummaries()) {
            System.out.println( " - " + objectSummary.getKey() + "  " +
                    "(size = " + objectSummary.getSize() + 
                    ")");
        }
        listObjectsRequest.setMarker(objectListing.getNextMarker());
} while (objectListing.isTruncated());

我正在处理由系统生成的大量对象;我们更改了存储数据的格式,需要检查每个文件,确定哪些文件为旧格式,然后进行转换。还有其他方法可以做到这一点,但这与您的问题有关。

    ObjectListing list = amazonS3Client.listObjects(contentBucketName, contentKeyPrefix);

    do {                

        List<S3ObjectSummary> summaries = list.getObjectSummaries();

        for (S3ObjectSummary summary : summaries) {

            String summaryKey = summary.getKey();               

            /* Retrieve object */

            /* Process it */

        }

        list = amazonS3Client.listNextBatchOfObjects(list);

    }while (list.isTruncated());

使用适用于Java的AWS开发工具包列出密钥

http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/ListingObjectKeysUsingJava.html

import java.io.IOException;
import com.amazonaws.AmazonClientException;
import com.amazonaws.AmazonServiceException;
import com.amazonaws.auth.profile.ProfileCredentialsProvider;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3Client;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.ListObjectsRequest;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.ListObjectsV2Request;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.ListObjectsV2Result;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.ObjectListing;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.S3ObjectSummary;

public class ListKeys {
    private static String bucketName = "***bucket name***";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        AmazonS3 s3client = new AmazonS3Client(new ProfileCredentialsProvider());
        try {
            System.out.println("Listing objects");
            final ListObjectsV2Request req = new ListObjectsV2Request().withBucketName(bucketName);
            ListObjectsV2Result result;
            do {               
               result = s3client.listObjectsV2(req);

               for (S3ObjectSummary objectSummary : 
                   result.getObjectSummaries()) {
                   System.out.println(" - " + objectSummary.getKey() + "  " +
                           "(size = " + objectSummary.getSize() + 
                           ")");
               }
               System.out.println("Next Continuation Token : " + result.getNextContinuationToken());
               req.setContinuationToken(result.getNextContinuationToken());
            } while(result.isTruncated() == true ); 

         } catch (AmazonServiceException ase) {
            System.out.println("Caught an AmazonServiceException, " +
                    "which means your request made it " +
                    "to Amazon S3, but was rejected with an error response " +
                    "for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:    " + ase.getMessage());
            System.out.println("HTTP Status Code: " + ase.getStatusCode());
            System.out.println("AWS Error Code:   " + ase.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Error Type:       " + ase.getErrorType());
            System.out.println("Request ID:       " + ase.getRequestId());
        } catch (AmazonClientException ace) {
            System.out.println("Caught an AmazonClientException, " +
                    "which means the client encountered " +
                    "an internal error while trying to communicate" +
                    " with S3, " +
                    "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message: " + ace.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

作为在可能被截断的情况下列出S3对象的一种更为简洁的解决方案:

ListObjectsRequest request = new ListObjectsRequest().withBucketName(bucketName);
ObjectListing listing = null;

while((listing == null) || (request.getMarker() != null)) {
  listing = s3Client.listObjects(request);
  // do stuff with listing
  request.setMarker(listing.getNextMarker());
}

灰色,您的解决方案很奇怪,但您看起来像个好人。

AmazonS3Client s3Client = new AmazonS3Client(new BasicAWSCredentials( ....

ObjectListing images = s3Client.listObjects(bucketName); 

List<S3ObjectSummary> list = images.getObjectSummaries();
for(S3ObjectSummary image: list) {
    S3Object obj = s3Client.getObject(bucketName, image.getKey());
    writeToFile(obj.getObjectContent());
}

我知道这是一篇老文章,但这对任何人仍然可能有用:2.1版的Java / Android SDK提供了一种称为setMaxKeys的方法。像这样:

s3objects.setMaxKeys(arg0)

您现在可能已经找到了解决方案,但是请检查一个答案是否正确,以便将来对其他人有帮助。

这对我有用。

Thread thread = new Thread(new Runnable(){
    @Override
    public void run() {
        try {
            List<String> listing = getObjectNamesForBucket(bucket, s3Client);
            Log.e(TAG, "listing "+ listing);

        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.e(TAG, "Exception found while listing "+ e);
        }
    }
});

thread.start();



  private List<String> getObjectNamesForBucket(String bucket, AmazonS3 s3Client) {
        ObjectListing objects=s3Client.listObjects(bucket);
        List<String> objectNames=new ArrayList<String>(objects.getObjectSummaries().size());
        Iterator<S3ObjectSummary> oIter=objects.getObjectSummaries().iterator();
        while (oIter.hasNext()) {
            objectNames.add(oIter.next().getKey());
        }
        while (objects.isTruncated()) {
            objects=s3Client.listNextBatchOfObjects(objects);
            oIter=objects.getObjectSummaries().iterator();
            while (oIter.hasNext()) {
                objectNames.add(oIter.next().getKey());
            }
        }
        return objectNames;
}

您不想一次列出存储桶中的所有1000个对象。一个更可靠的解决方案是一次最多获取10个对象。您可以使用withMaxKeys方法执行此操作

以下代码创建一个S3客户端,一次获取10个或更少的对象,并根据前缀进行过滤,并为获取的对象生成一个预签名的url

import com.amazonaws.HttpMethod;
import com.amazonaws.SdkClientException;
import com.amazonaws.auth.AWSStaticCredentialsProvider;
import com.amazonaws.auth.BasicAWSCredentials;
import com.amazonaws.regions.Regions;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3ClientBuilder;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.*;

import java.net.URL;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * @author shabab
 * @since 21 Sep, 2020
 */
public class AwsMain {

    static final String ACCESS_KEY = "";
    static final String SECRET = "";
    static final Regions BUCKET_REGION = Regions.DEFAULT_REGION;
    static final String BUCKET_NAME = "";

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        BasicAWSCredentials awsCreds = new BasicAWSCredentials(ACCESS_KEY, SECRET);

        try {
            final AmazonS3 s3Client = AmazonS3ClientBuilder
                    .standard()
                    .withRegion(BUCKET_REGION)
                    .withCredentials(new AWSStaticCredentialsProvider(awsCreds))
                    .build();

            ListObjectsV2Request req = new ListObjectsV2Request().withBucketName(BUCKET_NAME).withMaxKeys(10);
            ListObjectsV2Result result;

            do {
                result = s3Client.listObjectsV2(req);

                result.getObjectSummaries()
                        .stream()
                        .filter(s3ObjectSummary -> {
                            return s3ObjectSummary.getKey().contains("Market-subscriptions/")
                                    && !s3ObjectSummary.getKey().equals("Market-subscriptions/");
                        })
                        .forEach(s3ObjectSummary -> {

                            GeneratePresignedUrlRequest generatePresignedUrlRequest =
                                    new GeneratePresignedUrlRequest(BUCKET_NAME, s3ObjectSummary.getKey())
                                            .withMethod(HttpMethod.GET)
                                            .withExpiration(getExpirationDate());

                            URL url = s3Client.generatePresignedUrl(generatePresignedUrlRequest);

                            System.out.println(s3ObjectSummary.getKey() + " Pre-Signed URL: " + url.toString());
                        });

                String token = result.getNextContinuationToken();
                req.setContinuationToken(token);

            } while (result.isTruncated());
        } catch (SdkClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

    private static Date getExpirationDate() {
        Date expiration = new java.util.Date();
        long expTimeMillis = expiration.getTime();
        expTimeMillis += 1000 * 60 * 60;
        expiration.setTime(expTimeMillis);

        return expiration;
    }
}

试试这个

public void getObjectList(){
        System.out.println("Listing objects");
        ObjectListing objectListing = s3.listObjects(new ListObjectsRequest()
                .withBucketName(bucketName)
                .withPrefix("ads"));
        for (S3ObjectSummary objectSummary : objectListing.getObjectSummaries()) {
            System.out.println(" - " + objectSummary.getKey() + "  " +
                               "(size = " + objectSummary.getSize() + ")");
        }
    }

您可以使用特定的前缀在存储桶中的所有对象。

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